TransformTO Low Carbon Scenario (LCS) Actions

The following are the actions recommended in the TransformTO: Climate Action for a Healthy, Equitable, Prosperous Toronto (pdf) report.

LAND USE

  1. Concentrate future development in areas appropriate for district energy and accessible to rapid transit. (3Kt)

BUILDINGS

Future buildings

  1. Incorporate the rate of building demolition as new buildings replace existing buildings. (62 Kt)
  2. Reduce dwelling unit size. (46 Kt)
  3. Reduce commercial floor space per employee. (35 Kt)
  4. Apply Toronto Green Standard to new buildings. (1,348 Kt)

Existing buildings

  1. Retrofit multi-unit residential buildings pre-1984 (Tower Renewal+). (261 Kt)
  2. Retrofit of multi-unit residential buildings post 1984. (92 Kt)
  3. Retrofit older homes (HELP+) (pre 1980). (238 Kt)
  4. Retrofit newer homes (HELP+) (post 1980). (34 Kt)
  5. Retrofits for commercial and office buildings (BBP+). (490 Kt)
  6. Apply the Toronto Green Standard when buildings are renovated. (471 Kt)
  7. Re-commissioning of commercial buildings on an ongoing basis. (49 Kt)

ENERGY SYSTEM

  1. Incorporate solar photovoltaic systems into new construction. (33 Kt)
  2. Incorporate solar photovoltaic systems on roofs of existing buildings. (72 Kt)
  3. Develop offshore wind turbines. (6 Kt)
  4. Apply integrated solar thermal and solar photovoltaic systems to facades. (67 Kt)
  5. Expand zero carbon district energy systems: (428 Kt)
    • 17-1: deepwater cooling (109 Kt)
    • 17-2: captured waste heat (143 Kt)
    • 17-3: geothermal (176 Kt)
  6. Install electric heat pumps for space heating. (882 Kt)
  7. Install distributed energy storage. (63 Kt)
  8. Increase the use of renewable natural gas in district energy systems. (344 Kt)

TRANSPORTATION

  1. Condensed work week/four day work week. (59 Kt)
  2. Integrated transit improvements. (31 Kt)
  3. Introduce transit in areas with high density and insufficient transit. - (result N/A; see page 27)
  4. Car free areas. (69 Kt)
  5. Personal transportation planning (Smart Commute+). (18 Kt)
  6. Increased cycling mode share. (93 Kt)
  7. Increased walking mode share. (4 Kt)
  8. Electrify transit fleet. (239 Kt)
  9. Introduction of autonomous vehicles/car sharing. (-361 Kt)
  10. Increased adoption of electric vehicles. (1,945 Kt)

INDUSTRY

  1. Industrial process efficiency improvements. (166 Kt)

FREIGHT

  1. Implement strategies to reduce emissions associated with the last mile of delivery. (140 Kt)
  2. Transition to zero emissions vehicles.(780 Kt)
  3. Electrify the City vehicle fleet. (12 Kt)

WASTE

  1. Increase waste diversion rates. (363 Kt)
  2. Generate biogas from wastewater. (90 Kt)

 

The estimate of total reduction in emissions by 2050 = 8.7 Gt CO2e