TransformTO Low Carbon Scenario (LCS) Actions

The following are the actions recommended in the TransformTO: Climate Action for a Healthy, Equitable, Prosperous Toronto (pdf) report.

LAND USE

  • Concentrate future development in areas appropriate for district energy and accessible to rapid transit. (3Kt)

BUILDINGS

Future buildings

  • Incorporate the rate of building demolition as new buildings replace existing buildings. (62 Kt)
  • Reduce dwelling unit size. (46 Kt)
  • Reduce commercial floor space per employee. (35 Kt)
  • Apply Toronto Green Standard to new buildings. (1,348 Kt)

Existing buildings

  • Retrofit multi-unit residential buildings pre-1984 (Tower Renewal+). (261 Kt)
  • Retrofit of multi-unit residential buildings post 1984. (92 Kt)
  • Retrofit older homes (HELP+) (pre 1980). (238 Kt)
  • Retrofit newer homes (HELP+) (post 1980). (34 Kt)
  • Retrofits for commercial and office buildings (BBP+). (490 Kt)
  • Apply the Toronto Green Standard when buildings are renovated. (471 Kt)
  • Re-commissioning of commercial buildings on an ongoing basis. (49 Kt)

ENERGY SYSTEM

  • Incorporate solar photovoltaic systems into new construction. (33 Kt)
  • Incorporate solar photovoltaic systems on roofs of existing buildings. (72 Kt)
  • Develop offshore wind turbines. (6 Kt)
  • Apply integrated solar thermal and solar photovoltaic systems to facades. (67 Kt)
  • Expand zero carbon district energy systems: (428 Kt)
    • deepwater cooling (109 Kt)
    • captured waste heat (143 Kt)
    • geothermal (176 Kt)
  • Install electric heat pumps for space heating. (882 Kt)
  • Install distributed energy storage. (63 Kt)
  • Increase the use of renewable natural gas in district energy systems. (344 Kt)

TRANSPORTATION

  • Condensed work week/four day work week. (59 Kt)
  • Integrated transit improvements. (31 Kt)
  • Introduce transit in areas with high density and insufficient transit. - (result N/A; see page 27)
  • Car free areas. (69 Kt)
  • Personal transportation planning (Smart Commute+). (18 Kt)
  • Increased cycling mode share. (93 Kt)
  • Increased walking mode share. (4 Kt)
  • Electrify transit fleet. (239 Kt)
  • Introduction of autonomous vehicles/car sharing. (-361 Kt)
  • Increased adoption of electric vehicles. (1,945 Kt)

INDUSTRY

  • Industrial process efficiency improvements. (166 Kt)

FREIGHT

  • Implement strategies to reduce emissions associated with the last mile of delivery. (140 Kt)
  • Transition to zero emissions vehicles.(780 Kt)
  • Electrify the City vehicle fleet. (12 Kt)

WASTE

  • Increase waste diversion rates. (363 Kt)
  • Generate biogas from wastewater. (90 Kt)

The estimate of total reduction in emissions by 2050 = 8.7 GtCO2e