Pan-Canadian Framework Targets
Canada's Pan-Canadian Framework (PCF) emission reduction targets still match the Harper-era target for 2030 (30%). However, according to Article 4 of the Paris Agreement, it is possible to strengthen the targets
"A Party may at any time adjust its existing nationally determined contribution with a view to enhancing its level of ambition, in accordance with guidance adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement."
More than half the governments did not have overall targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and of those that did, only two (New Brunswick and Nova Scotia) were on track to meet their targets.
Ontario and Quebec are members of a cap-and-trade system which includes California. Ontario, Quebec, and California have agreed to develop and implement a mechanism for accounting and reporting such reductions.
This is the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development (CESD) 2017 chart of Canada's projected emissions compared to the estimated PCF emissions and Canada's Paris commitment.
It is Climate Action Now's position that:
Given the urgency of reducing our emissions, climate action is critical and must take precedence over economic development.
According to the World Resources Institute (WRI):
Among the top 10 absolute emitters, only two have per capita emissions that are below the world average. Canada, the United States, and Russia emit more than double the global average per person. On the other end of the spectrum, India’s per capita emissions are only one-third of the global average.
Moreover, the EU and the United States will achieve their targets without using international market mechanisms, while Canada has indicated it may use such mechanisms – to an unstated extent – to meet its goal. This means that Canada’s reductions undertaken domestically may not reach the level of its stated target. This is also important due to the risk that reductions achieved under these mechanisms could be double-counted by both buyers and sellers.
In 2011, Canada's per-capita emissions were higher than those of the US, Russia and most other developed countries (for some reason, WRI did not include Australia).
|Year||PCF targets||Targets for < 1.5 C|
|2020||100% (by 2025)|
|2030||30% (523 MtCO2e)|
|2050||80% (146 MtCO2e)|